Most popular essays ever written

Besides, a mere change is sometimes useful, and often operates as a powerful check;—they are in their favourite house,—they behave ill, and a threat of removal restrains them. These signs may well make the friend of laughter sad. Personally, it seems to me that it is probably “linear,” that is, involving only the first powers of the quantities concerned, never their squares, cubes, etc. Dissembling his fears for the moment, he soon caused the unlucky pr?tor to be seized while presiding at his own tribunal, and, after torturing him like a slave without extracting a confession, put him to death.[1385] The incident was ominous of the future, when all the powers of the state were concentrated in the august person of the emperor. It is much the same with the small vexations inflicted by our social world. I have often thought of reading the Loves of Persiles and Sigismunda, and the Galatea of the same author. Like instrumental Music, however, it is not necessarily or essentially imitative, and it can produce very agreeable effects, without imitating any thing. I have done a particular action with a certain purpose, or I have had in my mind at the time the general idea of a purpose, of something useful connected with my action. As Darwin and others have pointed out, there is a series of gradations from the faintest and most decorous smile up to the full explosion of the laugh.[13] One may, perhaps, go farther and say that the series of gradations here indicated is gone through, more or less rapidly, in an ordinary laugh. As I have published some hints on this point, and addressed them to the Commissioners in Lunacy, I may be permitted, in order to show I have long entertained the same views, to quote two or three passages. The two great followers of Shakespeare, Webster and Tourneur, in their mature work do not borrow from him; he is too close to them to be of use to them in this way. How little value attaches to any such generalizations you will readily perceive, and you will be prepared, with me, to dismiss them all, and to turn to the facts of the case, inquiring whether there are any traits of the red race which justify their being called “Mongolian” or “Mongoloid.” Such affinities have been asserted to exist in language, in culture, and in physical peculiarities, and I shall take these up _seriatim_ for examination. As the building went up, no one asked whether it was a school or a bank. We may refine, we may disguise, we may equivocate, we may compound for our vices, without getting rid of them; as we change our liquors, but do not leave off drinking. Nowadays Smith and Jones are getting together, even if they haven’t been gobbled up by the Trust, and are assuring people that shoes are good things to have–that we ought to wear more of them; more kinds and better quality. A have as many books as he wants and to keep them as long as he wants; but this sympathy changes to indignation when Mr. The person himself who either from passion, or from the influence of bad company, has resolved, and perhaps taken measures to perpetrate some crime, but who has fortunately been prevented by an accident which put it out of his power, is sure, if he has any remains of conscience, to regard this event all his life after as a great and signal deliverance. The harmony thrills him, but he is in danger of keeping it up so long that he will drive his hearers daft. The things that make a good museum what it is are not curiosities at all, in the vulgar sense. He is difficult partly through his possession of a quality comparatively deficient in Jonson, but which was nevertheless a quality of the age. In general, text with illustrations belongs in a library and specimens with labels in a museum. The face of the lady has nothing very remarkable in it, but that it may be said to be the very perfection of the English female face. Are we to strive for an increased circulation? In 1619, while Chancellor, we find him writing to King James concerning a prisoner confined in the Tower on suspicion of treason—“If it may not be done otherwise, it is fit Peacock be put to torture. That it also expresses lower forms is true, but this merely illustrates the evolution of the human mind as expressed in language. The simplification of machines renders them more and more perfect, but this simplification of the rudiments of languages renders them more and more imperfect, and less proper for many of the purposes of language; most popular essays ever written and this for the following reasons. Resentment is commonly regarded as so odious a passion, that they will be apt to think it impossible that so laudable a principle, as the sense of the ill desert of vice, should in any respect be founded upon it. [55] “Suggestive Therapeutics.” [56] _Op. But as from admiring other people we come to wish to be admired ourselves; so from being led and directed by other people we learn to wish to become ourselves leaders and directors. It is this simultaneous rise and partial fusion of a gay and a sad tone of feeling which differentiates humour proper from the feeling of ages to which the proximity of the laughable and the pathetic in things was familiar enough, as we may see, for example, from Pope’s lines on Addison:— {308} Who but must laugh if such a man there be? The mind was happy when it thought of the past pleasures of the body, and hoped for others to come: and it was miserable when it thought of the pains which the body had formerly endured, and dreaded the same or greater thereafter. In the same manner they accounted for the motion of the Moon, and that of the Five Planets, by supposing that each of them revolved westwards, but with directions and velocities, that were both different from one another, and continually varying; generally, however, in spherical lines, and somewhat inclined to the Equator. Would our great physiologist awe us into belief by bringing into the field quackery greater than his own? The laugh which is “malicieux” though not “amer” comes in a large wave when the deception is a kicking over of traces which have become galling. For my Part I think the Learned, and Unlearned Blockhead pretty equal; for ’tis all one to me, whether a Man talk Nonsense, or Unintelligible Sense, I am diverted and edified alike by either; the one enjoys himself less, but suffers his Friends to do it more; the other enjoys himself and his own Humour enough, but will let no body else do it in his Company. If there is an air of levity and indifference in London manners, there is a harshness, a moroseness, and disagreeable restraint in those of the country. As for the last alternative, it is not to be entertained; as for the second, what type do we prefer?; and as for the first, no one has ever shown me “conditions,” except of the most superficial. Roughly speaking, we may say that the laughable force of a deformity varies with its extent. The eloquence of Cicero was superior to that of C?sar. Even since that reformation it still continues to be a rule, that the scene should change at least with every act; and the unity of place never was a more sacred law in the common drama, than the violation of it has become in the musical: the latter seems in reality to require both a more picturesque and a more varied scenery, than is at all necessary for the former. I am not in the humour to pursue this argument any farther at present, but to write a digression. A painter of the name of Astley married a Lady ——, who sat to him for her picture. The most formal and absolute example of the ordeal, however, was the Bitter Water by which conjugal infidelity was convicted and punished (_Numb._ v. Could we suppose any person living on the banks of the Thames so ignorant as not to know the general word _river_ but to be acquainted only with the particular word _Thames_, if he was brought to any other river, would he not readily call it _a Thames_? The creation of a work of art, we will say the creation of a character in a drama, consists in the process of transfusion of the personality, or, in a deeper sense, the life, of the author into the character. If one knows of no such kindly laugher, one may study the characteristics of the species in the _Essays of Elia_. {114a} Whether this be correct or not, it is certain, that even now, though so most popular essays ever written little mind remains, he is soonest roused and offended, though otherwise very good-natured, by whatever questions his own importance. The love or affection excited by any general idea existing in my mind can no more be said to be the love of myself than the idea of another person is the idea of myself because it is I who perceive it. On the other hand, the expert may and should ask the advice of members of his board as individuals or of the board as a whole when he needs it and when he feels that it would give him confidence or strengthen his hand. Does the dweller in the community turn as naturally to the library for intellectual help as he does to the church for religious consolation?

By the best writers, therefore, they are reserved for light and ludicrous occasions; when, in order to humour their subject, they stoop to a more familiar style than usual. Does he view the nurse as put to shame by the setting of chairs on tables and so forth, instead of observing the proper local congruities? Their plan is to _block out_ human happiness wherever they see a practicable opening to it. We see it here and there, but I believe that, taken by and large, library workers love their tasks and that they are efficient in proportion to that love. [Sidenote: _Amazons; why they rejected the Society of Men._] The Sacred History takes no notice of any such Authority they had before the Flood, and their Own confess that whole Nations have rejected it since, and not suffer’d a Man to live amongst them, which cou’d be for no other Reason, than their Tyranny. We have from this same root several other words of curiously diverse meanings. That the faiths and convictions of men do not depend upon their appeal to “man’s reasoning faculties” is, however, usually admitted. We have a number of specimens written down in the native tongue shortly after the conquest. Respect for them ought to have restrained us from giving way to so boisterous and offensive an emotion. The imagination no longer feels the usual facility of passing from the event which goes before to that which comes after. The quality of the sounds is {31} explained by the particular arrangements, at the moment of the cachinnation, of the vocal apparatus, and more particularly the shape of the resonance chamber of the mouth. But this is not wickedness, but despondency and want of strength of mind; and I only attribute wickedness to those who carry their wills in their hands, and who wantonly and deliberately suffer them to tyrannise over conscience, reason, and humanity, and who even draw an additional triumph from this degrading conquest. A Lombard, who wanted to say, _I had loved_, but could not recollect the word _amaveram_, would endeavour to supply the place of it, by saying either _ego habebam amatum_ or _ego habui amatum_. The nature of his task precludes continual beauty; but it does not preclude continual ingenuity, force, originality. The so-called “metropolitan” dialects are those spoken relatively near the city of Guatemala, and include the Cakchiquel, the Quiche, the Pokonchi and the Tzutuhil. The third and fourth parts of this volume are devoted to language, the third as it appears especially in its written forms, the fourth particularly to the profounder questions of linguistic philosophy. Feeling alone is therefore insufficient to the production of voluntary action. The testimony of the doctors of law, both civil and canon, accordingly was that it was blind, deceitful, and perilous.[252] In fact, it is easy to conceive of the difficulty of finding five, or nine, or eleven men willing to risk their lives and families by standing up in support of any one who had fallen into the grasp of the Holy Office. The development of culture groups introduces a new and important change in the standards of fitness, to which laughter is, so to speak, tied. One reason for this indifference may have been, that as a writer he was tolerably successful in his life-time, and no doubt produced his works with very great facility. Here however another difficulty occurs: for the very opposition of our feelings as of heat and cold frequently produces a transition in the mind from the one to the other. Alas! I once heard a man of great intelligence, the ex-president of a small college, firmly maintain that if one had a basketful of letters of the alphabet, written on cards, and dumped them all out on the floor, it was absolutely impossible that they should be found so arranged, we will say, as to spell out Milton’s “Paradise Lost”. Self-love, reason and sentiment, therefore, are the three different sources which have been assigned for the principle of approbation. Once, at an Academy dinner, when some question was made whether the story of Lambert’s Leap was true, he started up, and said it was; for he was the person that performed it:—he once assured me that the knee-pan of King James I. We should thrust our hands into the fire, dash our heads against the wall, leap down precipices, and commit more absurdities every moment of our lives than were performed by Don Quixote with so much labour and study by way of penance in the heart of the Brown Mountain. He is at all times willing, too, that the interest of this order or society should be sacrificed to the greater interest of the state or sovereignty, of which it is only a subordinate part. It occurs also once in _Antony and Cleopatra_, when Enobarbus is inspired to see Cleopatra in this dramatic light: The barge she sat in…. Possibly it is not too much to expect that this unconscious recognition will give place to a conscious one, and that the producers’ mutual influence bring each other into more frequent contact with reality. Let us admit at the outset that there is absolutely no book that may not find its place on the shelves of some library and perform there its appointed function. There, no doubt, they reflected much on the follies of the unwise who remained in the crowd. Immortality, they could bestow upon no individual form, because the principles out of which it was formed, all tending to disengage themselves, and to return to their proper spheres, necessarily, at last, brought about its dissolution. Here, if we examine, we shall find a common characteristic of those kinds of work where laymen are in control–the persons for whom the work is done care very much about results; they are careless of methods so long as those results are attained. And now is many an offer made Of most popular essays ever written home and hospitable aid, By those who throng around the maid, To them the monk his charge commends, With promises of bounteous pay, And with a heart of trouble wends His steps to Broomholme Abbey “grey.” * * * * * * What charm is there in Nature’s smile, When Hope be dead the weary while, Or what in all the world can please, When aching hearts are ill at ease. We have seen above that Augustus pronounced it the best form of proof, but other legislators and jurists thought differently. It makes no difference in the question whether the active impulse proceeds directly from the desire of positive enjoyment, or a wish to get rid of some positive uneasiness. Something like this occurs in the Pame dialects. Their leader, Theodoric, had been educated in Constantinople, and was fully as much a Roman as many of the Barbarian soldiers who had risen to high station under the emperors, or even to the throne itself. The less credulous we are of other things, the more faith we shall have in reserve for them: by exhausting our stock of scepticism and caution on such obvious matters of fact as that people always see with their eyes open, we shall be prepared to swallow their crude and extravagant theories whole, and not be astonished at ‘the phenomenon, that persons sometimes reason better asleep than awake!’ I have alluded to this passage because I myself am (or used some time ago to be) a sleep-walker; and know how the thing is. The too tender mother, the too indulgent father, the too generous and affectionate friend, may sometimes, perhaps, on account of the softness of their natures, be looked upon with a species of pity, in which, however, there is a mixture of love, but can never be regarded with hatred and aversion, nor even with contempt, unless by the most brutal and worthless of mankind. It is probable therefore, that such abstract terms would be of much later institution. —– SEC. The subject of evidence is one which has taxed man’s reasoning powers to the utmost; and the subtle distinctions of the Roman law, with its _probatio_, _pr?sumptio juris_, _pr?sumptio juris tantum_: the endless refinements of the glossators, rating evidence in its different grades, as _probatio optima_, _evidentissima_, _apertissima_, _legitima_, _sufficiens_, _indubitata_, _dilucida_, _liquida_, _evidens_, _perspicua_, and _semiplena_; and the artificial rules of the common law, so repugnant frequently to human common sense, all alike show the importance of the subject, and its supreme difficulty. Neither was the complexness of this system the sole cause of the dissatisfaction, which the world in general began, soon after the days of Purbach, to express for it. He might most popular essays ever written as well have said that no one could relish a good style without reading it aloud, as we find common people do to assist their apprehension. Such terms as liberty, equality, democracy, socialism, etc., whose meanings are so vague that whole libraries do not exhaust their possible interpretations, are solemnly uttered as though they were magic spells, at the very sound of which all problems disappear. My fear, somewhat justified by experience, is that he can not. E. Two different sets of philosophers have attempted to teach us this hardest of all the lessons of morality. Afterwards no doubt the visible image comes in to confirm and give distinctness to the imperfect conclusions of the other sense.[84] It is by comparing the knowledge that I have of my own impressions, ideas, feelings, powers, &c. It seems to me, for example, a little rash to say that a boy of five months, who always laughed inordinately when a very jolly-looking physician, {209} the image of Santa Claus, paid him a visit, displayed a “sense of humour”.[132] When once the idea of objects of common laughter begins to grow clear a child is, of course, able to develop perceptions of the funny along his own lines. The location of the music collection is affected by the purpose for which it is maintained. I have no desire to dwell here on the question of the desirability of such connection; but I cannot refrain from saying, at the risk of losing all of my civil service-reform friends, that I regard the present methods of bringing about appointment for merit only as makeshifts, well designed to defeat the efforts of politicians and others who wish to see appointments made for other reasons, but necessary only so long as those efforts are likely to continue. We begin, upon this account, to examine our own passions and conduct, and to consider how these must appear to them; by considering how they would appear to us if in their situation. Suppose the ideas or impressions of any two objects to be perfectly distinct and vivid, suppose them moreover to be mechanically _associated_ together in my mind, and that they bear in fact just the same proportion to each other that the objects do in nature, that the one is attended with just so much more pleasure than the other, and is so much more desirable, what effect can this of itself have but to produce a proportionable degree of unthinking complacency in the different feelings belonging to each, and a proportionable degree of vehemence in the blind impulse, by which I am attached to each of them separately and for the moment? C. There is naught ponderable left; and yet what is left is all that makes the thing a book–all that has power to influence the lives and souls of men–the imponderable part, fit for the unlocking of energies. Footnote 17: There is a fellow in Hogarth’s _Election Dinner_, holding his wig in one hand, and wiping his bare scalp with the other. 1. The Londoner may delight his country listener with his misunderstandings of {105} what to the latter seems perfectly self-explanatory.